Germany – November 2014 – Day 5 (Nuremberg, Bamberg and Dresden)

Another day, another road trip. Today, we were driving to Nuremberg to see some Nazi era historical sights and the Nuremberg Christmas Market. Then off to Bamberg for a photo opt at Altes Rathaus and call it a night in Dresden.  At the end of the day, we would tack on five hours of driving and a little over 300 miles.

Reichsparteitagsgelände (Nazi party rally grounds)
Bayernstrasse 110
90478 Nürnberg, Germany
http://www.museen.nuernberg.de/dokuzentrum/

The granduer of the Nazi Rally Grounds was intended to demonstrate the imposing nature of the Nazi party. There were six rallies held at the grounds between 1933 and 1938, each with a specific theme. Prior to that, there were five other rallies held throughout Germany, starting in 1923. The ralliescould accommodate up to 150,000 capacity.

1923 – Munich
1923 – Nuremberg
1926 – Weimar
1927 – Nuremberg “Day of Awakening”
1929 – Nuremberg “Day of Composure”
1933 – Nuremberg “Rally of Victory”
1934 – Nuremberg “Rally of Unity and Strength”
1935 – Nuremberg “Rally of Freedom”
1936 – Nuremberg “Rally of Honour”
1937 – Nuremberg “Rally of Labour”
1938 – Nuremberg “Rally of Greater Germany”
1939 – Nuremberg “Rally of Peace” (cancelled)

The grounds span a few miles and the walk from the Documentation Center to the Congress Hall to the Zeppelinfeld and back to the Center can easily take two hours. Obviously, a place with such a dark history can make for a creepy visit. But, still you can’t help but awe standing at the Zeppelinfield podium recognizing that Hitler commanded unparalleled  authority at this post. Knowing that so much of history changed as a result of these rallies and so much more could have.

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Kongresshalle (Congress Hall) – Nazi Party Rally Grounds, Nuremberg, Germany

WWII Deaths

World War II deaths by country

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Nazi Party Rally Grounds, Nuremberg, Germany

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Map – Nazi Party Rally Grounds, Nuremberg, Germany

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Kongresshalle (Congress Hall) – Nazi Party Rally Grounds, Nuremberg, Germany

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Große Straße – Nazi Party Rally Grounds, Nuremberg, Germany

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Zeppelinfeld – Nazi Party Rally Grounds, Nuremberg, Germany

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Zeppelinfeld (just like Hitler, but I have two testicles)- Nazi Party Rally Grounds, Nuremberg, Germany

Adolf Hitler Fast Facts

  • Hitler never visited a single concentration camp.
  • Hitler’s First Love was a Jewish girl. lacking courage, he never spoke to her.
  • During First World War, a British soldier spared the life of a wounded German: Adolf Hitler.
  • Hitler only had one testicle
  • Hitler had a portrait of Henry Ford behind his desk regarding him as an “inspiration”.
  • Hitler was a Vegetarian and created laws against animal cruelty.
  • Hitler was saved from drowning at age four
  • Hitler, while in prison, wrote to a Mercedes dealership begging for a car loan.
  • There was a Jewish-Austrian doctor who didn’t charge Hitler’s family due to their economic hardship. Hitler had him protected and called him “Noble Jew”.
  • Hitler was nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize in 1939.
  • The American secret service tried to spike Hitler’s food with female hormones to feminise him.
  • In 1938, Hitler was TIME Magazine’s Man of the Year.
  • Hitler planned to collect thousands of Jewish artifacts to build a “Museum of An Extinct Race” after the war.
  • On April 29, 1945, Hitler married his long-time mistress, Eva Braun.
  • The following day, April 30, 1945, Hitler and Eva committed suicide together.

Adolf Hitler Notable Quotes

  • “If you win, you need not have to explain…If you lose, you should not be there to explain!”
  • “If you tell a big enough lie and tell it frequently enough, it will be believed.”
  • “Do not compare yourself to others. If you do so, you are insulting yourself.”
  • “By the skillful and sustained use of propaganda, one can make a people see even heaven as hell or an extremely wretched life as paradise.”
  • “Any alliance whose purpose is not the intention to wage war is senseless and useless.”
  • “To conquer a nation, first disarm its citizens.”

 

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Nazi Party Rally Grounds, Nuremberg, Germany

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Documentation Center – Nazi Party Rally Grounds, Nuremberg, Germany

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Documentation Center – Nazi Party Rally Grounds, Nuremberg, Germany

Memorium Nürnberg Prozesse & Justizgebäude (Nürnberg Trials Memorial & Courthouse)
Baerenschanz St 72
90429 Nuremberg, Germany
http://www.memorium-nuremberg.de/

Just following the end of World War II, a sequence of trials governed by the lead Allied forces (USA, Soviet Union, United Kingdom and France) prosecuted the Nazi’s top military and political officials. The trials were held at the courthouse in Nuremberg, Germany. The thinking was to hold it close to the defendants’ origin, so they would be more likely to show. It works with a few exceptions. The trials lasted a year for all 24 accused, about the same length of the OJ Simpson murder trial. The trials excluded Adolf Hitler, Heinrich Himmler, and Joseph Goebbels. All committed suicide well before the proceedings. They were tried for a combination of war crimes, crimes against humanity, participation and conspiracy in a crime against peace and waging wars of aggression. Following were the results of the trials:

00 Nürnberg Trial Verdicts

Today, we were visiting the courthouse were the trials occurred and the memorial of the event.

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Nuremberg Trials Memorial & Courthouse, Nuremberg, Germany

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Nuremberg Trials Memorial & Courthouse, Nuremberg, Germany

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Courthouse – Nuremberg Trials Memorial & Courthouse, Nuremberg, Germany

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Photo of Hermann Göring on trial – Nuremberg Trials Memorial & Courthouse, Nuremberg, Germany

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Nuremberg Trials Memorial & Courthouse, Nuremberg, Germany

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Courtroom number – Nuremberg Trials Memorial & Courthouse, Nuremberg, Germany

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Nuremberg Trials Memorial & Courthouse, Nuremberg, Germany

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Flags of the Allied Forces – Nuremberg Trials Memorial & Courthouse, Nuremberg, Germany

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Nuremberg Trials Memorial & Courthouse, Nuremberg, Germany

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Nuremberg Trials Memorial & Courthouse, Nuremberg, Germany

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Electric control cabinet for Court Room 600 – Nuremberg Trials Memorial & Courthouse, Nuremberg, Germany

Nuremberg Christmas Market
Hauptmarkt 18
90403 Nürnberg, Germany
http://www.christkindlesmarkt.de/

Nuremberg was one of our favorite Christmas Markets on the trip. Right up there with Dresden and Cologne and could easily be the best depending on what you value. We went from one vendor to the next trying gingerbread, fruitcake, Nuremberg sausages, and anything else that looked appetizing. The sausages were great and well regarded, but it was the gingerbread that really stood out. We tried and bought 20 or so different brands/variety. Our favorite one was from a meager stall near the church called Echte Eckstein Elisen Lebkuchen. Four hours later, we had reached the end of the market and we were well late to our next stop in Bamberg on the way to Dresden. With an hour to Bamberg and another three hours driving to Dresden, safe to say we would miss our dinner at Lila Sosse in Dresden. But well worth it.

2014 Nuremberg Christmas Market Directory (PDF)

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Nuremberg Christmas Market, Nuremberg, Germany

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Nuremberg Christmas Market, Nuremberg, Germany

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Nuremberg Christmas Market, Nuremberg, Germany

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“Take the picture already, I want to eat gingerbread” – Nuremberg Christmas Market, Nuremberg, Germany

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Käthe Wohlfahrt – Nuremberg Christmas Market, Nuremberg, Germany

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Gingerbread – Nuremberg Christmas Market, Nuremberg, Germany

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Fruitcake – Nuremberg Christmas Market, Nuremberg, Germany

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Gingerbread – Nuremberg Christmas Market, Nuremberg, Germany

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Schokokusse (Chocolate Kiss) stall – Nuremberg Christmas Market, Nuremberg, Germany

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Schokokusse (Chocolate Kiss) – Nuremberg Christmas Market, Nuremberg, Germany

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Schokokusse on de nose – Nuremberg Christmas Market, Nuremberg, Germany

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Children’s Christmas Market – Nuremberg Christmas Market, Nuremberg, Germany

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Pretzels – Nuremberg Christmas Market, Nuremberg, Germany

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More gingerbread – Nuremberg Christmas Market, Nuremberg, Germany

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Nuremberg Christmas Market, Nuremberg, Germany

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Ornament stall – Nuremberg Christmas Market, Nuremberg, Germany

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Grilling Nuremberg sausages – Nuremberg Christmas Market, Nuremberg, Germany

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Nuremberg sausages – Nuremberg Christmas Market, Nuremberg, Germany

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Fruitcake – Nuremberg Christmas Market, Nuremberg, Germany

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Gingerbread and Fruitcake vendor – Nuremberg Christmas Market, Nuremberg, Germany

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Nuremberg Christmas Market, Nuremberg, Germany

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Nuremberg Christmas Market, Nuremberg, Germany

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Christmas cookie ornament “Not edible” – Nuremberg Christmas Market, Nuremberg, Germany

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Snow globes – Nuremberg Christmas Market, Nuremberg, Germany

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Toy store – Nuremberg Christmas Market, Nuremberg, Germany

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Hard candies – Nuremberg Christmas Market, Nuremberg, Germany

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Fleischküchle – Nuremberg Christmas Market, Nuremberg, Germany

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Fleischküchle – Nuremberg Christmas Market, Nuremberg, Germany

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The Church of Our Lady – Nuremberg Christmas Market, Nuremberg, Germany

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Nuremberg Christmas Market, Nuremberg, Germany

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Incense Smokers – Nuremberg Christmas Market, Nuremberg, Germany

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Echte Eckstein Elisen Lebkuchen, the best gingerbread at the market – Nuremberg Christmas Market, Nuremberg, Germany

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Stagecoach tour – Nuremberg Christmas Market, Nuremberg, Germany

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Good fruitcake – Nuremberg Christmas Market, Nuremberg, Germany

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Sieff stuffed animal store – Nuremberg Christmas Market, Nuremberg, Germany

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Nuremberg Sausages – Nuremberg Christmas Market, Nuremberg, Germany

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Nuremberg sausages stall – Nuremberg Christmas Market, Nuremberg, Germany

Altes Rathaus
Obere Brücke 1
96047 Bamberg, Germany
http://www.tripadvisor.com/Attraction_Review-g198395-d2332057-Reviews-Altes_Rathaus-Bamberg_Upper_Franconia_Franconia_Bavaria.html
The city of Bamberg is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. I think it was chosen because the layout and architecture of medieval and baroque Bamberg exerted a strong influence on urban form and evolution in the lands of central Europe from the 11th century onwards. Another criteria may be Bamberg is an outstanding and representative example of an early medieval town in central Europe, both in its plan and its surviving ecclesiastical and secular buildings. And for these two reasons we had to visit.

Bamberg is known for its iconic photo of the Altes Rathaus (Old Town Hall) suspended over the waterfront. It was constructed in the 1460’s and since then has been producing memorable photos for tourists to Germany and locals alike. We parked the car, took pictures for slightly less than an hour and headed on to Desden for the night.

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Altes Rathaus, Bamberg, Germany

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Käthe Wohlfahrt, Bamberg, Germany

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Altes Rathaus, Bamberg, Germany

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Altes Rathaus, Bamberg, Germany

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Altes Rathaus, Bamberg, Germany

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Altes Rathaus, Bamberg, Germany

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Altes Rathaus, Bamberg, Germany

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Altes Rathaus, Bamberg, Germany

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Bamberg, Germany

Swissotel Dresden Am Schloss
Schloss St 16
01067 Dresden, Germany
http://www.swissotel.com/hotels/dresden/

The Swissotel is centrally located in Dresden, very clean, roomy and comes highly recommended if you stop in the city. It did the trick at the right price. We were literally walking distance to all the attractions the following day.

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Lobby at Christmas time – Swissotel Dresden Am Schloss, Dresden, Germany

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Bedroom – Swissotel Dresden Am Schloss, Dresden, Germany

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Closet – Swissotel Dresden Am Schloss, Dresden, Germany

(Automatic Doors at Swissotel,  Dresden, Germany)

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